It’s my least favorite thing about painting furniture and I bet it’s yours too. It’s that dirty four-lettered word. P R E P! It’s the first thing you gotta do before any furniture makeover and it’s the most common mistake I see when painting old wood furniture. But don’t let the confusion stop you from creating an amazing professional finish you can be proud of. Today, I’ll cover all the how-to’s and some tips so you can clean and prep wood furniture before you jump into my FAVORITE part. PAINTING FURNITURE!
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What You’ll Need For Prepping Wood Furniture Before Painting
Most of these items can be purchased at your local hardware store or my favorite, Home Depot.
- wooden furniture
- vinegar and warm water
- empty spray bottle
- trisodium phosphate (TSP cleaning product)
- clean cloth (cotton)
- paper towel
- face mask
- wood filler
- sanding block
- orbital sander
- primer/stain blocker Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3
- stain blocker Zinsser Shellac
- chalk paint® or chalk mineral paint
Some Wood Furniture Pieces Need More Cleaning Than Others
Now, of course, if you find furniture that’s been stored in a barn with the chickens, that piece is going to need deeper cleaning, inside and out. You’re going to have to clean the entire piece of furniture. It’s totally okay to get the water hose out and drown it. I mean, seriously. It will not hurt the wood. I do it all the time.
Saturate it with water and a heavy duty cleaning solution to remove all the visible gunk, grime, dirt daubers, (I’m from Texas) cobwebs, and spiders. The creepy things that lurk underneath and inside old pieces. After a good bath, set it out in the sun to dry.
It’s always good to know that it’s really clean before you bring it back into your home and especially before attempting to paint it. . Some of you may be laughing, but I have actually done this. Some of my best antique finds came from an old barn. NO SHAME!
I know what some of you must be thinking. “That’s too much work”. That’s because I thought the same thing when I first started painting furniture too. Every furniture painter I know will tell you the same thing. It’s all about the prep work and you can’t skip this part. We all just want you to get it right the first time and not make the mistakes we did.
Practice makes improvement I always say and I’ve had years of practice with my fair share of failures.
Here are some tips that you might find helpful. We don’t know what we don’t know.
Tip 1: Inspect And Make Furniture Repairs Before Painting
The first step is to make those repairs. Check for sticky drawers that don’t slide, loose drawer fronts, damaged veneer, wobbly legs, or broken anything.
Maybe you want to change out the knobs on that old dresser before you add that new coat of paint. Wood filler and a sanding block go a long way and these are things that can easily be done even if you’re a newbie.
I don’t ever remember not having to do at least one repair (or a total overhaul) on any piece I’ve ever done. Maybe that’s because I’m a thrifter and I view curbside finds as a challenge. Give me a FREEBIE every day! That’s called a SCORE in the furniture flipping world if you didn’t know. You’re welcome.
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Tip 2: Wear Protective Safety Equipment
Refurbishing and painting furniture is a dirty job and you’ll need to protect your skin, eyes, and lungs from potentially hazardous materials when prepping. Invest in a filtration mask, protective eyewear, and gloves to ensure that you’re safe from floating dust, splashes of paint, and harmful products that could cause irritation on your hands and skin. It doesn’t hurt to wear an apron to protect your clothing.
Tip 3: Always Clean First Before Sanding Wood Furniture
This may sound like a no-brainer but I didn’t know this for a long time. Never start sanding down a piece of wood furniture before cleaning it well.
FAQ: Why can’t I just sand it first?”
If you start sanding before cleaning, you take the risk of grinding whatever dirt and oils that were on the surface deep into the wood grain. Cleaning the wood after sanding isn’t going to give you that thorough cleaning you need.
Wiping away sanding dust isn’t nearly as hard as having a failed finish and having to undo everything that you just did. Clean first, then sand, and then clean again. It’s not worth the risk.
Furniture That Doesn’t look Dirty (Vinegar And Water)
This is an affordable option when you’re first starting out and don’t have the extra money to spend on additional products. Use what you have at home. Add equal parts of vinegar and warm water to a spray bottle. Spray the mixture over the surfaces and wipe back with a soft cotton cloth to clean the furniture well. You can also use paper towels too. I used this method with good results when I first started out.
The one thing you need to remember is that dirt is dirt, whether it’s visible or not on your wood surface. That means every wood furniture piece should be cleaned. Grease dirty can be lurking on the wood and not visible to the naked eye.
Not to mention all the fingers that have touched said piece. Our skin has oils and is easily transferred by a single touch. I don’t know about you but I’m pretty sure my furniture has been touched a lot. Pay special attention to the high-traffic areas when cleaning like the drawer fronts and handle areas to remove these oils. A little extra attention to these areas will go a long way.
Dirty Furniture Jobs (TSP Cleaning Products)
Another product I use is a TSP product that comes in crystal form. When mixed with warm water it safely cleans away dirt and debris and it’s also a degreaser. Spray and wipe, and use clean water on a damp cloth as your final wipe to remove any residual on the surface. It’s a powerful cleaner and you want it all removed before you paint.
I keep a bottle premixed that way I’m ready to go at any moments notice because you never know when the mood hits to paint furniture. 🙂
Scuff Sanding After Cleaning
After cleaning, now is the time to lightly sand (scuff sand) your wood furniture to create a smooth surface for your paint. This will smooth out any rough areas of loose varnish and brittle wood areas. Old wood furniture is usually dry and brittle and a light sanding will go a long way in helping your paint go on smoothly.
A good orbital sander is a great tool to have and can really speed up the process in furniture prep, but you most certainly can use fine grit sandpaper and give it a little elbow grease with your bare hands.
Prevent Bleed-Through Before Painting
What is bleed through? It’s a shadow or coloring that appears through the paint. This can happen quickly after painting or it can take days to rear its ugly head after the paint has dried. That’s when it hurts the most.
This is usually caused by wood tannins on bare wood or dark stains deep in the wood. Bleed through is common especially when painting wood furniture with white or light color paint but can be prevented by using a good-quality primer/stain blocker before painting.
The primer/stain blocker can be applied with a paint brush or roller. This is your insurance policy against stains and bleed through. I promise you won’t be sorry.
Zinsser Bulls Eye 1-2-3 is water-based and can be used on all surfaces. I also like their product with a Shellac Base. It’s a great product when you know bleed-through will be an issue.
And if you’re painting with latex paint, you’ll need the primer to prepare the surface for the paint. Unlike chalk paint® which sticks to most clean surfaces without it, latex needs a bonding primer.
Painting Your Wood Furniture Project
Now you can grab your favorite furniture paint and create a beautiful lasting finish. If you’re looking for good quality furniture paint at a great price, I recommend Dixie Belle Chalk Mineral Paint.
To Sum Things Up
Cleaning and prepping wood furniture doesn’t have to be hard when you follow these simple steps. Inspect, repair, clean, and block stains. Taking these steps will ensure you get the best results with your paint job.
Thanks for joining me today and I hope I enlightened you on a few things about the importance of cleaning wood furniture before painting. It has always been my goal as a furniture painter and blogger to help others learn how to create amazing finishes while having a good time doing it.
If you want to learn more about painting furniture, I’d like to invite you to join me in The Art Of Painting Furniture. It’s where I share my love of painting furniture with all who want to learn.
Until the next project, happy painting!